Access Point: A physical location, such as a retail shop or clinic, where patients can purchase medical marijuana; also known as a “dispensary” or a “compassion club.” In states with legalized cannabis, such facilities provide safe access to medicine and often fully test and label their products.
Aroma:No two cannabis strains smell alike. That’s because no two terpene profiles are alike either. Terpenes are responsible for cannabis aromas and we love them. Are you looking for skunky, musky, or citrus. Choosing the strain and the terpene profile will help you make the right choice.
Backcross: In cannabis breeding, backcrossing is when a hybrid plant (one that is a mix of indica and sativa) is bred with one of its parents in an effort to create offspring that are closer to the original parent with which the hybrid was bred. Backcrossing is typically performed with the goal of preserving rare strains or enhancing the effects of recessive genes.
BHO (Butane Hash Oil): An extraction, or concentrate, created by immersing cannabis in a solvent (in this case, butane), resulting in a very potent oil that contains high levels of THC. Also known as “dab,” different varieties of BHO include “honey oil,” “earwax,” and “shatter.” Many different manufacturing processes can be employed to change the consistency and quality of the oil that is derived from this process.
Bud: Buds are cannabis flowers, pure and simple. They contain the most resinous trichomes and all the cannabinoid content. Buds are what cannabis consumers, particularly smokers and growers, are interested in.
Cannabinoids: Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. They are produced by the trichomes, mostly located on the bud or plant flower area. To date, 111 cannabinoids have been identified, by scientists continue to search. Some cannabinoids are more famous than others, at present, but underexplored cannabinoids are forever finding their way onto the market and into mainstream view.
Cannabis: This plant, used as a medical remedy for millennia, is actually three species of flowering herbs. Cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and cannabis ruderalis all offer very different versions of the cannabis plant. Sativa and indica types are the most common. Because of its poor yield and low quantities of THC, ruderalis is not commonly grown or desired by patients or recreational consumers. Sativa varieties are known for their energizing, uplifting effect and are appropriate for treating depression, nausea, and obesity. Indica types are better for alleviating body pain and anxiety and are the most common type of cannabis on both the black market and in legal dispensaries.
CBD: CBD is just one of the 111 cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It’s the second most common cannabinoid that we know of to date, standing proudly alongside THC, which is the first. The most important thing to know about CBD is that it doesn’t get you high.
Concentrates: This is a term used to describe a concentrated form of cannabis that has been extracted from the plant. Concentrates are stronger and more potent than dry herb or flower and they come in a variety of forms, including shatter, budder, wax, oils, and wax.
Co-op (cooperative): When a community of patients or cannabis consumers from the same geographic area get together and combine efforts to cultivate, harvest, and prepare cannabis plants, they are known as a cooperative. Co-ops live by their own rules and usually have membership requirements. All are required to comply with local and state laws to avoid prosecution by the authorities. There are a number of different co-ops found in California and Oregon. In other states, the setup isn’t as popular… yet.
Cross (crossbreeding):When two strains of cannabis or more are combined, a new and unique strain is created. The combining of strains is called crossbreeding. A large number of cannabis growers dedicated their farms to crossbreeding activities.
Dab: If you want to get down with cannabis lingo, you’ll say dab instead of dose when smoking, vaping, or inhaling through a glass pipe. Let’s dab!
Dispensary: Dispensaries are regulated, licensed cannabis stores. Some of them deliver, some offer online purchase and in-store pickup. All provide “safe access”, helping both medical patients and recreational consumers stay aware from the poor quality products on the black market.
Edibles: When food or drink has been infused with cannabis, it’s referred to as an edible. Although, technically tinctures are also edibles, as they are consumed orally. Edibles are super popular and lots of fun. They can also be very potent and so it’s a good idea not to consume too much too fast. Edibles that have been specifically crafted for the medical cannabis consumer are sometimes called “medibles”. While it may take around 45 minutes to an hour for an edible to kick in, the effects of edibles last longer than smoking or vaping. Just so you know.
Feminized: When cannabis seeds have been specifically bred to produce only female plants, they are referred to as feminized seeds. Mature female plants are the ones that produce the most resinous trichomes and which contain the all-important cannabinoids.
Flowering Time: It takes time for a cannabis plant to go from the end of the vegetative stage (the first stage of growth) to harvest. The time it takes for the plant to get to harvest is referred to as flowering time. In general, sativas take a few weeks more than indicas to mature.
Flowers: The part of the cannabis plant that flowers is the part also commonly referred to as the bud. Buds are important because they are the part of the plant that we consume. We smoke them, compress them, inhale them, and turn them into concentrates. Without buds, cannabis is nothing.
Hash: Hash is a shortened version of the term hashish, which is a form of cannabis concentrate that tends to be more potent than cannabis buds. It’s a type of concentrate that has been around and used by humans for centuries. To create hash, you must separate the resinous trichomes from the plant buds (a product known as kief) and then press or roll them into a brown, gooey paste. Sometimes the result ends up being closer to a sticky, crumbly powder. It all depends on the flower.
Heirloom: When you remove a cannabis strain from its native land in order to breed and cultivate it in another area of the world, you immediately turn it into an heirloom. Many heirloom varieties can also be referred to as landrace strains, because most of them haven’t been crossbred in any way either.
Hemp: Hemp is the term used to describe the non-europhic variety of cannabis. It’s a variety that contains little to no THC and, therefore, doesn’t get you high. By legal definition in the United States and Canada, hemp may only contain 0.3% of THC or less. Aside from smoking and other forms of consumption, hemp can be used to as shelter, food, medicine, and fuel, and can even be used to make plastics. In some areas of the work, up to three hemp harvests can be achieved in a year. It’s one of the most versatile plants on the planet.
Hybrid: If your cannabis strain has a little sativa and a littl indica, then it immediately becomes what’s known as a hybrid. Hybrids are deliberately bred by experienced growers in order to combine the best traits of two or more strains and give rise to a more effective medicine or a more potent, pleasant, or long-lasting high.
Hydroponics: There are a number of methods that can be employed when cultivating cannabis. Hydroponics is just one of them. In a hydroponics setup, the roots of the cannabis plant are suspended in a liquid solution of water and nutrients. No soil is used in hydroponics. Hydroponic cultivation gives growers greater control over nutrient volumes and typically results in a higher yield, although this is really just opinion and by no means indisputable truth.
Indica: Indica is one of the three main categories of cannabis strains. While sativas offer a cerebral high, indicas tend to have the greatest effect on the body… a body relax, if you will. When consumed in large quantities, they can be useful and effective as sedatives.
Kief: If you find yourself in the presence of some highly resinous trichomes that have been extracted, or collected, from a female cannabis plant, then you’re in possession of what’s known as kief. Kief isn’t a pressed form of cannabis, like hash is. Instead, it comes in a loose powder form. In fact, if you gently rub some cannabis flowers between your fingers and you collect the trichomes as they fall, you will have managed to extract your very of kief.
Kush: There are a number of varieties in the cannabis Kush family. They originated in the Hindu Kush mountains of Afghanistan and Pakistan, and are thought to be most effective at fighting pain, stimulating appetite, and sedating the human body. Many of the Kush strains are highly citric too.
Landrace: When a native cannabis strain has managed to avoid all forms of breeding and human intervention with regards to its genetic structure, it is referred to as a landrace strain. There are very few landrace strains growing on our planet. They’ve been naturally evolving over millions of years, responding to the changing environment and adapting accordingly. They are also the direct source of today’s wealth of hybrid strains. The specific names given to each of these strains usually relate to the areas that they come from, such as Afghani and Thai. They are extremely rare.
Marijuana: This is the term that was given to cannabis in the early 20th century by the United States government when, together with a number of big business giants, they decided to criminalize the plant. It’s a derivative of the Mexican word, “marihuana”.
OG: There’s a family of cannabis strains, whose origins can be traced back to Southern California, and they all start with the name OG, which actually means “ocean grown.” The original OG strain was OG Kush and most strains in the OG family on the market today are derived from this great great grandparent. Incidentally, OG Kush was responsible for putting the West Coast on the medical and recreational cannabis map.
Phenotype: This is the term used to describe the physical characteristics of a particular cannabis strain. Characteristics noted in a phenotype description include plant height, leaf structure, and color. Indica strains, for example, tend to be shorter and fatter than sativas. Their leaves are generally thicker than sativa leaves too.
Pistil: The pistil forms part of the female anatomy of the cannabis plant. They look like tiny little hairs growing in the center of the bud. Sometimes they are white and at other times they are orange. The pistil serves to collect the pollen that’s emitted from the male cannabis plants. However, if the pistils don’t catch a lot of pollen and, therefore, they don’t produce a lot of seeds, they begin to focus all their energy on producing resinous trichomes. The female cannabis plants are the ones that emit all the gorgeous aromas and flavors and are, therefore, the ones we consume.
Pot: We love this term. It’s a super relaxed way of referring to cannabis and probably the most common slang term used to reference the plant across the United States.
Pre-roll: The pre-roll was invented for the cannabis newbie (who just has no idea of how to roll a joint) and for the damn right lazy. The convenience of a pre-roll is undeniable. They are sold in single pre-roll tubes or packs (usually of 8 or 10) so that you can whip one out and light up whenever you want. There’s no need to sit down, grind, sprinkle, and roll, before you get to inhale. Fast, convenient, and all about experience.
Rosin: Rosin is another type of cannabis oil. It’s a concentrated form of cannabis oil that has been extracted without using solvents. Extraction is achieved by applying heat and pressure on the cannabis plant alone. The process is slower than an alcohol extraction, but it’s also much more organic. Rosins are becoming more popular with the conscious cannabis consumer, namely because of their solvent-free properties.
Ruderalis: This is a common reference used to describe the cannabis ruderalis, which is one of the three main species of cannabis. The ruderalis is typically characterized by its low levels of THC and poor yields. However, consumer demand for the ruderalis is on the rise, mainly because consumers are consciously on the lookout for low-THC, high-CBD strains, to help manage conditions including epilepsy and cancer.
Sativa: There are three main cannabis strain types and sativa is one of them. Sativas, in general, tend to offer a more cerebral experience and they originated from the equatorial regions of the world, including the Middle East, Asia, Africa, Thailand, and South America. Sativas are useful for medical cannabs patients trying to deal with depression or acute pain. They are more difficult to grow than some of the other types of cannabis and they take longer to mature. A good example of a high-quality sativa would be a Jack Herer or a Durban Poison.
Shatter: This type of cannabis concentrate is a specialized form of Butane Hash Oil. It gets its name from its specific appearance: a rigid sheet of wax that shatters under pressure. Consumers who enjoy inhaling through glass pipes and bongs appreciate the many wonders of a high quality shatter.
Strain: Just like there are many different types of grapes used to make many different types of wine, there are a huge number of cannabis strains out there, ready and waiting to be experienced. In general, all cannabis strains can be roughly divided into one of three categories – indicas, sativas, or hybrids – but there are many different hybrids and many different indicas and many different sativas to choose from too. Some strains are higher in THC, others are higher in CBD or CBG. Choosing the right strain for you can take time, but there’s plenty of fun to be had along the way.
THC: Tetrahydrocannabinol, most commonly referred to as THC, is one of the most famous cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. It is sometimes called Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, was first isolated in Israel in 1964, and is the cannabinoid responsible for producing the famous cannabis high. Some cannabis strains have been purposefully bred in order to increase the concentration of THC levels present. These strains are more THC-potent than the average cannabis strain, can better help medical cannabis patients to deal with pain, and offer a different kind of cannabis experience for recreational consumers. Some of the most popular THC-high strains include Trainwreck, Durban Poison, OG Kush, and Bio-Diesel.
Tincture: Tinctures are one of the most popular products in the modern cannabis space. They are cannabis drops, extracted using alcohol or glycerol, and mixed with a range of oils; coconut oil being one of the most popular. When you consume a tincture, you drop the oil under your tongue, using the dropper provided, or you can mix a few drops into your favorite drink. Tinctures are highly popular in the CBD space, are available in a range of strengths, and are embellished with a variety of flavors and aromas. Exploring tinctures can be a lot of fun.
Topical: This is a term used to describe all cannabis-infused products that are applied directly to the skin, including creams, salves, balms, and gels. They are becoming more and more popular in the fitnes and active lifestyle space, as they have the ability to target certain muscle areas and groups. The skincare industry has also shown a great deal of interest in the cannabis topical market of late, particularly CBD-rich topicals, used to complement daily skincare routines.
Trichome: Trichomes are cool. They are the stalk-like, resinous glands, which look like hairs, found on all cannabis flowers. They produce and contain the plants cannabinoids and terpenes. While cannabinoids are responsible for the effects on the body, terpenes give each cannabis strain its distinctive flavor and smell. When a cannabis plant has lots of trichomes, or when its trichomes look crystally and sugary, it means that the plant is more potent and able to deliver a greater cannabis kick.
Vaporizer: The vaporizer, or vape for short, is a device that’s used to inhale the effects of cannabis vapor. The most important distinction between vapes and pre-rolls or rollups, is that vapes don’t burn anything. They just heat to very high levels, which is what produces the vapor that the consumer then inhales. The lack of burning means that the consumer is kept safe from the dangers of toxins and tars. Also, some studies estimate that vaporization is twice as efficient at delivering THC and other cannabinoids to patients when compared to traditional smoking methods.
Wax: A type of cannabis concentrate that comes from BHO (Butane Hash Oil). It’s very similar to shatter, but gives both medical cannabis patients and recreational consumers a way of consuming extremely potent levels of cannabis. Those who are very sick, or who require rapid relief, note the benefits of consuming wax products.
Weed: A common slang term for cannabis, which usually refers to a very low quality product.
X-Ray Eyed: If you’re heavily under the influence of cannabis, then this is a term that might be used to describe you and your current state.
Youth International Party: This political party was formed in 1967. It was created, and members of the party ran for office, in order to advance the cannabis counterculture of the 1960s. It was the political party that organized the first of the North American smoke-ins and its flag is a five-pointed star that’s been superimposed with a cannabis leaf.
Zambi: A noun and a slang term, used by many, for marijuana.
Zig Zag Man: If you smoke a lot of cannabis, you run the risk of being referred to as a Zig Zag.
Zip: A cool, quick term used to describe an ounce of marijuana.